Helio Oiticica

Brasilian artist born in Rio de Janeiro in 1937.

Pioneer of brasilian concrete art in the middle of the 1950s, influenced by constructivism and Malévitch's works, Hélio Oiticica explores progressively the painting space, by introducting the spectator in tridimensional environments, each time constituting color corporal experimentation spaces.

Oiticica's first monochromes leave the plane's surface, to become spatial Reliefs, then some "Pénétrables".

In the festive spirit of Brasil, Oiticica's artistic activity take the performances' more ephemeral form during ritual dance sessions, realised with Paraganlés (1964), "light cloathings" gathering recovered fabrics. The artist is thus creating the conditions of a new hedonism, in order to create for the body a true space of liberty, cleared from social coercions.

Oiticica moved to New York in the 1970s, where he realised the New-Yorkers series, models and intricate environments.

An important retrospective of Oiticica's work was presented in Paris (National Gallery of the Jeu de Paume) in 1992.


©Larousse, 2010