Victor Vasarely

Born in 1906 in Pécs, France, and deceased in 1997 in Paris, Victor Vasarely is a Hungarian plastic artist, naturalised French in 1961.

In 1929, Victor Vasarely entered in the Mühely Academy, school which applied the Bauhaus principles, founders of modern architecture. He discovered there abstract art, through Vassily Kandinsky or Paul Klee.

In 1930, Vasarely left Hungary for Paris, where he worked as a graphist for famous publicity agencies, leading in parallel researches on graphic and plastic arts  - lines deviations, display of light and shadows, and above all the perspective, choices that we can observe with Zèbres (1938), Echiquier (1935), and Fille-Fleur (1934).

Since 1937, Vasarely returned to painting, practicing many styles, from the Belle-Ile period, which shows the beginning of a true abstract approach, to the Denfert period, to which belong the drawings inspired by the tiles' cracks.

In 1965, Vasarely was part of the exhibition Responsive Eye in the New York Museum of Modern Art, a turning point which consecrated Vasarely as the inventor of the Op Art, aesthetic principle which plays with optic illusion.

The Vasarely Foundation's creation in Aix-en-Provence in 1976 materialized Vasarely's place among the great artists of the XXth century. From the brilliant publicist illustrator to the prolific artist, specialized in cinetic effects, Victor Vasarely is today recognized as the founding father of Op Art.