Suzanne Duchamp, born in Blainville-Crevon, France, in 1889, and deceased in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, the 11th of September 1963, was a french dadaist painter.

Suzanne Duchamp is the 4th child of an artistic family, her brothers being Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon and Marcel Duchamp.

Suzanne Duchamp began her studies in the School of Fine Arts of Rouen at the age of 16. Her first works are inspired by impressionism and cubism. She moved to Paris, in Montmartre, to get closer to her brother Marcel Duchamp and to develop her artistic carreer.

Even if women artists faced difficulties to obtain a full recognition, the celebrity of her brothers in the artistic community allowed Suzanne to hold her first major exhibition at the age of 22 at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris.

Suzanne Duchamp produced barely nothing until 1916 because of the First World War. She then produced her first dadaist works, as "Multiplication brisée et rétablie", finished in 1919, typical exemple of her dadaist work. The same year, she married the artist Jean Crotti.

In 1967, Marcel Duchamp organized an exhibition entitled "Les Duchamp : Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Marcel Duchamp, Suzanne Duchamp". A part of this family exhibition was then presented at the Modern Art National Museum, Paris.