Max Ernst was born in Brühl on the 2nd of April 1891, and died in Paris the 1st of April 1976.

In 1925, Max Ernst invented the "scrubbing", technique which create more or less imaginary figures, connected to the automatic writing of surrealist writers that he knew, like Paul Eluard and André Breton.

With Miro's help, Max Ernst formulated a new technique, the scrubbing of the pigment directly on canva.

In August 1940, Max Ernst left France with Peggy Guggenheim. He moved to New York where, with the painters Marcel Duchamp and Marc Chagall, he contributed to the development of abstract expressionism among american painters as Jackson Pollock.